Natural Baby Skin Care Tips
It is very important to properly care for the baby’s skin from early childhood. Children’s skin is several times thinner than the skin of an adult; it is finally formed only by the age of 12. The skin of babies contains a large percentage of water, it almost does not have its own acid protective layer, it cannot independently resist external influences: harmful bacteria, infections and other irritants. Therefore, tender, sensitive and capricious children’s skin requires increased attention and care. Therefore, you should use special products designed to meet the characteristics of children’s skin. Remember, healthy baby’s skin is not only a feeling of comfort but also the main barrier to the penetration of germs.
5 Most Helpful Tips To Keep Your Baby’s Skin Healthy
1. Change disposable diapers correctly
Disposable diapers have made a real revolution in childcare. “Mountains” of wet diapers are a thing of the past. But you still need to take care of the baby. The skin under the diaper is especially susceptible to irritation and redness. Even if the diapers are of very good quality, the time of wearing one diaper during the day should not exceed 3 hours. This time can be extended to 8-10 hours at night. You cannot put a new diaper on the child immediately after you removed the old one. It is necessary that the child takes an air bath for 10-15 minutes, and the skin must be dry.
Before each change of the diaper, the child must be washed under warm running water. This can be done with the help of baby cream soap. If it is not possible to wash the baby, use cleansing wet wipes.
Before you put on a diaper, you need to treat your baby’s bottom and groin area with a special children’s protective cream for diapers to avoid rashes and irritations.
2. Do not forget to nourish and moisturize baby skin
Due to the weak function of the sebaceous glands, the surface of the baby’s skin is drier than in adults, therefore it needs additional nourishment and hydration. Light moisturizers are quickly absorbed, leaving no shine. They maintain the skin’s natural moisture and soften it. These creams can be used throughout the day to make the baby’s skin soft and smooth. It is especially necessary to apply them to compensate for the loss of moisture after water procedures, as well as in the hot season.
Nourishing creams are designed to protect and nourish the skin of babies. They are based on mineral and natural oils. Mineral oil remains on the surface of the skin, covering it with a thin film and thus providing protection. Natural substances penetrate deep into the skin, providing an additional caring effect (nutrition, hydration, softening, etc.). Easily vulnerable children’s skin is prone to inflammation and redness. To restore the skin and ensure its protection, use children’s anti-inflammatory creams. They promote rapid healing and regeneration of the skin due to the optimal combination of mineral and natural oils.
Monitor the condition of the baby’s skin, prevent irritation and inflammation. Otherwise, serious consequences can occur. Remember that the skin of the child is an indicator of its internal state: if the body does not tolerate some food, then the skin reaction (redness, pimples) will immediately inform you that you’d better not include this component in the diet. There may be allergic reactions to a variety of things: dust, pollen, animal hair, a reaction to inappropriate cosmetics.
Pay special attention to protecting children’s skin from wind and sun.
3. Remember, cleanliness is a guarantee of health
Most children like to bathe: the warm water calms them down and helps them fall asleep. It is necessary to bathe children every day at the same time. Do not bathe your baby if he/she has a fever or pustular skin diseases.
Wash the bath thoroughly before use, then pour water into it. The air temperature in the bathing room should be 22-24° C. The optimum water temperature is 36-37° C. You can add special baby bath foam or medicinal substances to the water (starch for eczema, sea salt for rickets, coniferous extract for functional disorders of the nervous system, chamomile or calendula for allergic dermatitis).
It is very important to immerse the child in the bath properly. The left hand should cover the left armpit of the child, in this case, the head and the head rest on your shoulder; right hand supports the baby from below. After immersion in the water, the child’s head and torso must be supported with your left hand and forearm. The water level should not cover the upper chest. Duration of swimming ranges from 3 to 15 minutes. Using your right hand, gently circle the baby’s head, neck, armpits, handles, chest, belly and legs with alternating soft circular motions, while soaped areas should be immediately rinsed. Use a special children’s gel. At the end of bathing, rinse the child with clean water. During rinsing, cover the baby’s head with your hand to prevent water from getting into his/her eyes.
When washing baby’s hair, pay attention to the condition of the scalp. If you notice crusts of milk scab, be sure to remove them. To do this, 2 hours before evening bathing, thickly lubricate the baby’s head with baby oil, and, when the crusts are softened, remove them with the help of a comb. After that, wash the baby’s head with a special shampoo.
The care of nose, ears and nails plays an important role in the complex of children’s hygiene. For daily cleansing of the nose, use a tightly twisted cotton wool bulb dipped in baby oil. Enter it into the nasal passage to a depth of 1.5-2 cm through gently rotating movements and remove the accumulated discharge from the spout. If there is too much mucus, apply a nasal aspirator.
Baby ears should be cleaned after bathing. You’d better use cotton buds with a limiter. At the same time, only the auricle should be cleaned, without delving into the ear canal.
Do not forget about the nails of the baby. They grow very fast and require regular cutting. Use small scissors with blunt ends. Some parents use baby nail clippers. It is more convenient to cut nails when the baby is sleeping, but be careful.
4. Choose the right baby cosmetics (soap, shampoo, cream, etc.)
The acidity of babies’ skin is different from the acidity of adults, so adult cosmetics are not suitable for children.
For example, when choosing a shampoo for your baby, remember that the hair of a newborn in the first months of life is much thinner and weaker than the hair of an adult. And the top layer of the scalp is still very tender and vulnerable. Therefore, baby shampoo should be pH-neutral. It should not dry the skin or irritate the mucous membrane of the eyes.
Not all products intended for children can be used for newborns. The baby’s skin is very thin and sensitive, so you’d better use creams and detergents designed specifically for newborns.
In addition to tactile sensations, smells have a great influence on a child. Harsh synthetic perfumes irritate babies. Choose natural, subtle smells.
When you use a new brand of soap, shampoo, cream, try them on a small area of the body. If redness appears after some time, do not use these cosmetics.
5. Pay special attention to the care of baby’s clothes and dishes
Since the skin of babies is very gentle and sensitive to external stimuli, special attention should be paid to children’s clothing and dishes. Babies in the first months of life have a very imperfect immune system and improper care may cause allergic reactions even in an initially healthy child, therefore you’d better take care of the baby’s health.
Start with clothes and dishes. Both of them get dirty quickly and often. You cannot use conventional detergents since they all have a complex chemical composition, which is aggressive and can provoke allergic reactions. Many parents continue to believe that baby’s clothes should be washed with baby soap. This is not the best way to remove various contaminants.
Modern detergents allow a mother to save time and energy for washing clothes without any risk to the baby’s health. In addition, you must follow the basic rules of washing:
- Wash children’s clothes separately from your clothes;
- Underwear for babies up to three months must be washed at a temperature of 90° C, which replaces boiling;
- Baby clothes should be rinsed twice as carefully;
- Use only baby powder during washing.
- Follow the instructions on the powder package.
Other important nuances:
- Apply moisturizer to extremely dry skin areas at least twice a day;
- Carefully inspect the area behind the ears and skin folds (elbows, knees, inguinal): there may be reddening or peeling;
- With each change of the diaper, you should apply diaper balm;
- Choosing baby cosmetics, pay attention to the manufacturer, the composition of the cosmetic, shelf life;
- Use only those products that are intended for children and dermatologically tested.